Me yasa bakin karfe yake tsatsa

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Wani nau'in karfe ne wanda yake da karfin yin tsayayya da iskar shaka ta yanayi sannan kuma yana da ikon yin tsayayya da lalata ta hanyoyin sadarwa masu dauke da sinadarin acid, alkalis da gishiri!
Shin tsatsan bakin karfe ne? Kallo daya zakayi kama da karya. . .Amma tsatsa na bakin karfe ya yawaita a rayuwa, kamar hoton da ke ƙasa!
3

Menene bakin karfe?

Wani nau'in karfe ne wanda yake da karfin yin tsayayya da iskar shaka ta yanayi sannan kuma yana da ikon yin tsayayya da lalata ta hanyoyin sadarwa masu dauke da sinadarin acid, alkalis da gishiri!

Me yasa ƙarfe yake tsatsa?

Exposedarfin da aka fallasa a cikin iska yana da tasirin oxygen da danshi don samar da baƙin ƙarfe iri-iri. Takamaiman bayyanuwar ita ce "tsatsa"!

2

Me yasa bakin karfe yake tsatsa?
Lokacin da babban layin kariya na oxide ya lalace, bakin ƙarfe zai yi tsatsa.
A wane yanayi ne fim mai kariya zai lalace?
1. Fatar Bleaching 2. Sanadin inji 3. Ruwa

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Me yasa bakin karfe ke jure tsatsa

An kara saman bakin karfe tare da abubuwa kamar su chrysanthemum da nickel don samar da wani siriri mai matukar kauri, mai karfi, mai tsayayye kuma mai daidaitaccen sinadarin oxide (fim mai kariya), wanda ke hana ƙwayoyin oxygen ci gaba da kutsawa da kuma ci gaba da yin ƙwanƙwasa, kuma yana da ikon yin tsayayya da lalata.

4

Bakin karfe

Akwai nau'ikan bakin karfe da yawa, tare da kaddarori daban-daban da mahalli daban-daban.

 

Misali: 304 bututun karfe, a cikin yanayi mai bushe da tsafta, yana da matukar karfin hana lalata abubuwa, amma idan aka koma shi a gabar tekun, zai yi tsatsa cikin hazo mai dauke da gishiri mai yawa; yayin da bututun karfe 316 ke aiki mai kyau.

 

Dangane da abun, ana iya raba shi zuwa jerin CR (SUS400), Cr-Ni jerin (SUS300), Cr-Mn-Ni (SUS200) da jerin tsaurara hazo (SUS600).

 

200 jerin-chromium-nickel-manganese austenitic bakin karfe.

300 jerin - chromium-nickel auduga bakin karfe.

301 - Kyakkyawan ductility, ana amfani dashi don kayayyakin da aka ƙera. Hakanan za'a iya yin taurin ta aiki da inji. Kyakkyawan walda. Juriya na abrasion da ƙarfin gajiya sun fi baƙin ƙarfe 304.

302 - Juriyar lalata ta yi daidai da ta 304, kuma karfin ya fi kyau saboda yawan iskar carbon da yake da shi.

303 - Ta hanyar sanya karamin sulfur da phosphorus, zai fi sauki a yanka fiye da 304.

304 - wato 18/8 bakin karfe. Matsayin GB shine 0Cr18Ni9.

309 - Idan aka kwatanta da 304, yana da tsayayyar zafin jiki mafi kyau.

316 - Bayan 304, daraja ta biyu wacce aka fi amfani da ita, wanda aka fi amfani da ita a masana'antar abinci da kayan aikin tiyata, tana ƙara molybdenum don samun tsari na musamman mai jure lalata. Saboda yana da mafi kyawu ga lalata chloride fiye da 304, ana amfani dashi azaman "ƙarfen jirgi". SS316 yawanci ana amfani dashi a cikin na'urorin dawo da mai na makaman nukiliya. 18/10 daraja bakin karfe yawanci kuma yakan haɗu da wannan matakin aikace-aikacen.

321 - Ban da ƙari na titanium don rage haɗarin lalata walda na kayan, wasu kaddarorin suna kama da 304.

400 jerin-ferritic da martensitic bakin karfe.

408-Kyakkyawan juriya mai zafi, raunin lalata lalata, 11% Cr, 8% Ni.

409 - Samfurin mafi arha (Birtaniyya da Ba'amurke), galibi ana amfani dashi azaman bututun shaye-shaye na mota, shine baƙin ƙarfe mai ƙanshi mai ƙwari

410-Martensite (ƙarfe mai ƙarfi na chromium), tare da juriya mai kyau da juriya ta lalata lalata.

416 - Thearin sulfur yana inganta aikin sarrafa kayan.

420 - "Yankan kayan aiki" karfe mai martensitic, kwatankwacin farkon bakin karfe irin su Brinell high chromium steel. Hakanan ana amfani dashi don wukake masu fiɗa, wanda zai iya zama mai haske sosai.

430 - Bakin ƙarfe mai ƙarfi, don ado, kamar kayan haɗin mota. Kyakkyawan tsari, amma ƙarancin zafin jiki da ƙwarin lalata.

440 — steelarfe mai ƙarfin ƙarfe kayan aiki tare da ɗan ƙaramin abun cikin carbon. Bayan maganin zafi mai kyau, ana iya samun ƙarfin yawan amfanin ƙasa mafi girma, kuma taurin zai iya kaiwa 58HRC, wanda yana cikin ƙarfe mafi wuya. *** Misalin aikace-aikacen gama gari shine "yankan reza". Akwai samfuran da aka saba amfani da su: 440A, 440B, 440C, da 440F (nau'in aiki mai sauƙi).

500 jerin gami mai hade da zafin jiki mai hade da zafin jiki.

Jerin 600 - Hazarin Martensitic ya taurare baƙin ƙarfe.

630 - *** Samfurin da aka saba amfani dashi na tauraron bakin karfe, galibi ana kiransa 17-4; 17% Cr, 4% Ni.

 


Post lokaci: Dec-08-2020